Who Manages the Money in MF (Mutual Funds) ?

Aug 26, 2013

This is the role of the Asset Management Company (the Third tier). Trustees appoint the Asset Management Company (AMC), to manage investor’s money. The AMC in return charges a fee for the services provided and this fee is borne by the investors as it is deducted from the money collected from them. The AMC’s Board of Directors must have at least 50% of Directors who are independent directors. The AMC has to be approved by SEBI. The AMC functions under the supervision of it’s Board of Directors, and also under the direction of the Trustees and SEBI. It is the AMC, which in the

name of the Trust, floats new schemes and manage these schemes by buying and selling securities. In order to do this the AMC needs to follow all rules and regulations prescribed by SEBI and as per the Investment Management Agreement it signs with the Trustees. If any fund manager, analyst intends to buy/ sell some securities, the permission of the Compliance Officer is a must. A compliance Officer is one of the most important persons in the AMC. Whenever the fund intends to launch a new scheme, the AMC has to submit a Draft Offer Document to SEBI. This draft offer document, after getting SEBI approval becomes the offer document of the scheme. The Offer Document (OD) is a legal document and investors rely upon the information provided in the OD for investing in the mutual fund scheme. The Compliance Officer has to sign the Due Diligence Certificate in the OD. This certificate says that all the information provided inside the OD is true and correct. This ensures that there is accountability and somebody is responsible for the OD. In case there is no compliance officer, then senior executives like CEO, Chairman of the AMC has to sign the due diligence certificate. The certificate ensures that the AMC takes responsibility of the OD and its contents.

Who is a Custodian?

Aug 25, 2013

A custodian’s role is safe keeping of physical securities and also keeping a tab on the corporate actions like rights, bonus and dividends declared by the companies in which the fund has invested. The Custodian is appointed by the Board of Trustees. The custodian also participates in a clearing and settlement system through approved depository companies on behalf of mutual funds, in case of dematerialized securities. In India today, securities (and units of mutual funds) are no longer held in physical form but mostly in dematerialized form with the Depositories. The holdings are held in the

Depository through Depository Participants (DPs). Only the physical securities are held by the Custodian. The deliveries and receipt of units of a mutual fund are done by the custodian or a depository participant at the instruction of the AMC and under the overall direction and responsibility of the Trustees. Regulations provide that the Sponsor and the Custodian must be separate entities.

What is the role of the AMC?

Aug 24, 2013

The role of the AMC is to manage investor’s money on a day to day basis. Thus it is imperative that people with the highest integrity are involved with this activity. The AMC cannot deal with a single broker beyond a certain limit of transactions. The AMC cannot act as a Trustee for some other Mutual Fund. The responsibility of preparing the OD lies with the AMC. Appointments of intermediaries like independent financial advisors (IFAs), national and regional distributors, banks, etc. is also done by the AMC. Finally, it is the AMC which is responsible for the acts of its employees and service providers.

As can be seen, it is the AMC that does all the operations. All activities by the AMC are done under the name of the Trust, i.e. the mutual fund. The AMC charges a fee for providing its services. SEBI has prescribed limits for this. This fee is borne by the investor as the fee is charged to the scheme, in fact, the fee is charged as a percentage of the scheme’s net assets. An important point to note here is that this fee is included in the overall expenses permitted by SEBI. There is a maximum limit to the amount that can be charged as expense to the scheme, and this fee has to be within that limit. Thus regulations ensure that beyond a certain limit, investor’s money is not used for meeting expenses.

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